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Art Styles Explained

Art Styles Explained: From Realism to Abstract

Different Types of Art Styles

Look at the Different Types of Art Styles

Painting in the 21st century has brought a range of art styles to choose from. The late 19th century and 20th century showed artists had made huge leaps in painting styles, influenced by technology, such as the invention of the metal paint to and photography, along with social conventions, politics and philosophies and all the world major events going on. This is a list that outlines many of the major art styles from the most realistic to the least.

Art Style: Photorealism

Photorealism developed in the late 1960s and 70s as a reaction to the Abstract Expressionism movement of the 40s. Artists copy photographs and project them onto a canvas to accurately create and capture precise details. Super Realism, Sharp Focus Realism, and Hyper Realism are the further developments of photorealism based on the advancements of photographic resolution. There are a few small differences in details between the styles, but ultimately they are all art styles in which the illusion of reality is created through pain so that the results end up looking more like a large sharply focused photograph.

Photorealism is a style that's often seems more real than reality. It includes detail down to the last grain of sand and wrinkle on someone's face where there is no detail left out and nothing is too insignificant or unimportant to not be included in the painting. It does however consider that the arrangement of things in an artist painting can make it a stronger composition.

Art Style: Realism

Realism is the art style, which most people regard as real art. The subject of the painting looks very much like it appears in real life, rather than being romanticized or glorified. From a distance everything looks real but close up you will see that it's an illusion created by the skillful use of paint, color and tone. The artist can use this perspective to created illusion of space and depth, setting the composition and lighting such as the subject appears real.

Art Style: Painterly

Painterly is a style or technique that can be realistic or abstract but it celebrates more the use of paint through evident brushwork and texture in the paint. He never tries to hide what was used to create the painting by smoothing out any texture are marks left in the paint by a brush or other tool such as a palette knife.

Art Style: Impressionism

Impressionism is the art style that is still love today and it's hard to imagine when it first appeared on the art scene in Paris in the 19th century, that most critics hated it and ridiculed it. It was then regarded as an unfinished and rough painting style, but is now loved as being the impact of light on nature filter through an artistic eye to show the rest of us just what can be seen if you know how to look properly.

Art Style: Expressionism/Fauvism

Expressionism and Fauvism are characterized by the artists not feeling compelled to use realistic colors or using perspective techniques to re-create an illusion of reality. Rather these colors are selected to fit the emotion that is felt or to create an emotional impact.

In an example of this art style shown, while we know no ones face is ever truly green, nor does anyone have a line around their chin or nose, we still recognize it as a painting or of a face. But instead of it focusing on being a likeness of someone, it's a painting that conveys a sense of mood and emotion.

Art Style: Abstraction

Abstraction is about painting the essence of the subject or your interpretation of that subject rather than the actual visible realistic details but still retains an echo of whatever has prompted the initial idea, which is unlike a pure abstract. You might reduce the subject to the dominant colors, shapes or patterns. You might remove the subject from its context and enlarge its scale. You might simplify your subject, eliminating detail in order to paint just enough to capture the character of the scene.

Art Style: Abstract

Pure abstract art doesn't look like anything from the real world. It is an art style that is intentionally nonrepresentational. The subject or point of the painting is the colors used for the textures in the artwork or the materials used to create it.

At its worst abstract art looks like an accidental mess of paint. And at its best it has an impact that strikes you from the moment you see it.

Art Style: Photorealism

Artisans Gallery - Art Style: Photorealism

Art Style: Realism

Artisans Gallery - Art Style: Realism

Art Style: Painterly

Artisans Gallery - Art Style: Painterly

Art Style: Impressionism

Artisans Gallery - Art Style: Impressionism

Art Style: Expressionism/Fauvism

Artisans Gallery - Art Style: Expressionism/Fauvism

Art Style: Abstraction

Artisans Gallery - Art Style: Abstraction

Art Style: Abstract

Artisans Gallery - Art Style: Abstract